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The Battle of the Atlantic was one of the most significant naval campaigns of World War II. It was fought between German U-boats and Allied naval forces in the Atlantic Ocean, aiming to control the sea lanes and disrupt the flow of supplies to Britain and the rest of Europe. The battle began in 1939, shortly after the outbreak of war in Europe. The German Navy, or Kriegsmarine, began attacking British merchant ships vital for transporting goods and supplies to Britain. The Germans hoped that by disrupting this flow of supplies, they could weaken the British war effort and eventually force them to surrender.

The Foundation for Victory

The Battle of the Atlantic was fought on multiple fronts, including the air, surface, and subsurface. The initial German attacks were highly successful. The British Navy was ill-prepared for the scale of the German assault, and many ships were lost to U-boat attacks. However, the British quickly responded by increasing their naval presence in the Atlantic and developing new tactics to combat the U-boats. The introduction of long-range patrol aircraft, which could spot U-boats from the air and attack them with depth charges, was particularly effective.

If the Germans had successfully cut off Britain’s supply lines, the war would likely have ended sooner and with a different outcome. This historic battle also significantly impacted the course of the war in other theatres. The success of the Allies in protecting the supply lines to Britain allowed for successful D-Day landings and the liberation of Europe. It also allowed for the Allied campaign in North Africa, which was vital in securing the Mediterranean and isolating Italy from the rest of Europe.


The Offensive German U-Boat

The British and American navies worked in tandem to combat the German U-boats during WWII’s Battle of the Atlantic. This collaboration was vital for securing Allied triumph over Germany – albeit at an immense cost. The Germans lost over 700 U-boats and over 30,000 sailors, while the Allies lost over 3,500 ships and over 70,000 sailors.


The Battle of the Atlantic was a critical episode for the Allied war effort, as it was essential to maintaining the flow of supplies and troops to Europe. Allied control over shipping lanes proved pivotal in Germany’s eventual defeat while forming the groundwork for an international collaboration necessary to secure victory. Through its sacrifices, this battle demonstrated the Allies’ strength and perseverance – proving their commitment to achieving peace despite immense adversity.

About the Author


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The author of World War II as Seen by a Young Artist and Historian, Kenneth Burres, is only 10 years old and has been a talented doodler since he was little – back when he could barely hold a writing tool. He constantly scribbles notes to himself, even when he should be focusing on something else.

Kenneth has studied WWII through videos, movies, and books for hours. This book is the result of his passion for history, especially U.S. history. Kenneth’s interest in WW II has led him to finish middle and high school-level courses online and watch every WWII movie and video imaginable, from Midway to The War by Ken Burns. He employs a unique set of symbols and patterns to represent thoughts only comprehendible to him when painting.

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